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Diversidoris aurantionodulosa

Species Profile

Diversidoris aurantionodulosa

Author: Rudman, 1987

Order: Nudibranchia  Family: Chromodorididae

Maximum Size: 20 mm

Sightings: Sunshine Coast

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Diversidoris aurantionodulosa Rudman, 1987

Diversidoris is a small genus of cryptobranch dorids raised by Rudman in 1987. At that time it was monospecific, only containing the subject of this Species Profile – Diversidoris aurantionodulosa. This species is therefore, naturally, the type species of the genus. At the time Rudman commented: “At present this genus is monotypic but, ……further species may be found when the anatomy of more chromodorids is investigated.” His new genus Diversodoris survived the molecular sequencing of Johnson & Gosliner in 2012 where much of the Chromodorididae family (and their relationships) was turned on its head. That review transferred two species from Noumea (now Verconia) to Diversidoris by sampling results – Diversidoris crocea and Diversidoris flava, and also Diversidoris sulphurea by hypothesis.

Diversidoris aurantionodulosa is a small species up to 25 mm in length. The body shape is an elongated oval with a wide mantle having a number of distinct folds along each side. The foot is usually seen projecting past the posterior margin of the mantle and has an orange mark to the tip. The mantle carries a thin orange border with a narrow opaque white sub-marginal band with the rest being translucent white. There are slightly raised rounded white tubercles scattered over the mantle, some, or all, with an orange tip. The rhinophores are orange on the top half of the club with the remainder and the stalk being translucent white. The gills too are translucent white with orange pigment on the outer edge of the main axes and some of the branching pinnae.

There are a number of slight colour variations reported including a creamy-yellow mantle, a mantle with a pink tinge centrally due to the underlying viscera showing through and some with a complete lack of orange tips to any of the white tubercles. Distribution is recorded from the Western Indian Ocean through to the Western Pacific Ocean.

The spawn of Diversidoris aurantionodulosa, laid on the substrate, is cream-white in colour and in the field was observed to be laid upright, on edge, as an anticlockwise spiral ribbon of one to two whorls. There is no extra-capsular yolk present. Larvae development is lecithotrophic.

Diversidoris aurantionodulosa feeds on certain sponges of the Darwinella genus.

References:
– Rudman,W.B. (1987) The Chromodorididae (Opisthobranchia : Mollusca) of the Indo-West Pacific: Chromodoris epicuria, C. aureopurpurea, C. annulata, C. coi and Risbecia tryoni colour groups. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 90: 305-407.

– Wilson, N.G. (2002) Egg Masses of Chromodorid Nudibranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). Malacologia, 2002, 44(2): 289-305.

– Rudman, W.B. & Bergquist (2007) A review of feeding specificity in the sponge-feeding Chromodorididae (Nudibranchia: Mollusca). Molluscan Research, 27(2): 60-88.

– Johnson, R.F., Gosliner, T.M. (2012). Traditional taxonomic groupings mask evolutionary history: A molecular phylogeny and new classification of the chromodorid nudibranchs. PLoS One 7 (4): e33479.

– This Species Profile has been modified from a previously published article in Dive Log Magazine’s – Critter ID with NudiNotes Column, Issue: #371 (June 2019):12 by David A. Mullins

David A. Mullins, July 2019

Other Sea Slugs in this Family (sighted)

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